Presentation Title:

Methodological Study to Determine Energy Efficiency Indicators in Mongolia

Track M: Sustainable Development

Session M2: International Decarbonization Strategies

Day 2  9:30 am

Abstract:

As the world’s economy, society, and population grew, so did the use of energy consumption and supply. Every country in the world has been united in their commitment to sustainable development for a half century, recognizing that energy consumption and related industrial activities are at the root of the critical challenges facing humanity, such as climate change, global warming and environmental pollution caused by human induced greenhouse gas emissions (GHG).
Since the 1970s energy crises (sometimes referred to as “oil crisis”), developed countries have begun developing clean energy sources (renewable energy), while also legislating the reduction of energy losses and creating energy savings and EE, which have achieved certain results. In addition, multinational initiatives and collective agreements, such as the Clean Development Mechanism and the Kyoto Protocol are implemented. For example, in 2015 during the COP21 Summit, which was held in the France capital city of Paris, countries have pledged to work together to reduce global GHG emissions in order to intensify global climate change mitigation efforts.
Statistics from the last 20 years show that electricity consumption is growing at an average rate of 5-7 percent per year in relation to the rapid development of the Mongolian economy and mining sector. Electricity production increased from 3.3 GWh in 2000 to 7 GWh in 2020, and 1.7 GWh was imported to meet domestic demand. It’s estimated to triple by 2030 compared to 2011, from 1,738 kWh per capita in 2012 to at least 6,124 kWh by 2030.
The information above confirms that the initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from energy production and consumption is not only just a global slogan, but that it has been translated to real action in the last decade and that the future trend under the terminology energy transition will rapidly strive towards the development of clean energy and result in real progress.
The Law on Energy Conservation, which regulates the conservation and efficient use of energy in Mongolia, was adopted in 2015 to improve the country’s economic competitiveness by increasing the efficiency of energy production and consumption, and to develop environmentally friendly technologies, operations and rational use. There is a real opportunity to improve the living environment of the people, to reduce GHG emissions in the energy sector, and the implementation of the law is beginning to show some results.
Developing EE reports and statistics in accordance with international formats, will allow Mongolia to monitor and evaluate the implementation of energy saving policies, programs and plans, define evidence-based policies, forecast future energy needs, and compare the results achieved with that of other countries, and solve other relevant problems.